the himalaya is one of the youngest and highest mountain systems of the world.the name comes from sanskrit hima-snow and alaya-home.it extends over 2,400km(1800 miles) from the indus in pakistan to brahmputtra rivers in assam,india. the central section of the himalaya traverses through nepal about 800km from mahakali to kanchangunja and is known as nepal himalaya.according to estimation,there are 1310 peaks that exceed 6,000 meters in higest.out of the worlds 14 highest peaks,there are eight in nepal.these are:
mount everest 8848m
much of the country abobe 5,000meters is under permanent snow cover.thesnow line varieswinter snowfall accurs up to an elevation of 2,000meters.according to an unpublished project report submited by the central department og geography,T.Uto industrial branch,ministry of tourism and sivil aviation(2001) there are nine additional peaks exceeding 8000 meters four in kanchenjunga range,three in the vicinity of lhotse and two in the vicinity of cho-oyu.
there are as many as 27 ranges in nepal himalaya but we can recognize 13 major himalayan ranges in nepal